The saltiest sea: Red Sea(Hits: )

World Record Title: The saltiest sea: Red Sea
World Record Creator: Red Sea
World Record Holder: Red Sea
World Record Fields: The saltiest sea
World Record Rules: The saltiest sea
World record Number: 20120500022
World Record Validity Period: Until the world record was broken.
World Record Witness: Carrying the Flag World Records certifier 003
World Records Source: World record databse of Carrying the Flag
Awarding Certificate Date: May 10, 2012
World record details:

       Saltiest sea: the Red Sea. Gulf of Suez and the Suez Canal, connecting the north of the Mediterranean, the Red Sea, Europe, Asia, between the traffic course. Between 25 ~ 16 ° north latitude, the central part of the Red Sea underwater terrain is very rugged, where the main trough complex coastline vary in terms of an average depth of 558 meters across the Red Sea, the maximum depth of 2514 meters. Red Sea east and west sides by tropical desert Jia Zhi, perennial hot air, dust filled the air, less bright day
Less precipitation, evaporation is high, salinity 40.1 ‰, summer surface water temperature exceeds 30 ℃, is the world's highest water temperature and salinity of the waters. August average surface water temperature 27 ℃ to 32 ℃. Mostly blue-green sea, the local area due to growth of seaweed red and reddish brown, the Red Sea, said that stems from this one. Annual evaporation is 2000 mm, far exceeding the precipitation, the two sides no perennial rivers into. Seabed containing iron, zinc, copper, lead, silver, gold oozeSince ancient times for traffic arteries, but the rocky coast of the island and coral reef, Mandeb narrow and stormy, so sailing inconvenience. There are important port of Suez, Eilat, Aqaba, Port Sudan, Jeddah, Massawa, Hodeidah and Assab. Red Sea bifurcated into two coves north, west to the Gulf of Suez, and through the Suez Canal through the Isthmus of Suez and the Mediterranean Sea; east of the Gulf of Aqaba. South through Mandeb and the Gulf of Aden, the Indian Ocean is connected. Connecting the Mediterranean and the Arabian Sea an important channel. Is an important oil transport channel. Has strategic value. Red Sea steep sides rise steeply, many coral reef shore coast, less natural harbor. Latitude 16 ° south, due to a large area of ​​coral reef growth, so that very narrow navigable waterway, some port facilities hindered. In Mandeb, rely on blasting and dredging are two ways to open the waterway

  。Red Sea found five main types of mineral resources oil deposition, evaporation sediment (as sublimation precipitate deposit formed by the action, such as rock salt, potassium salt, gypsum, dolomite), sulfur, phosphate and heavy sediments, are in the main tank at the bottom of the deep sea mud. Indian Ocean, the Red Sea is the land between the sea, is actually the northern extension of the Great Rift Valley. By seafloor spreading and plate tectonics theory that the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden is the prototype of the ocean. According to the research, the Red Sea at the bottom of the Si-Mg layer indeed marine rocks on the seabed of the shaft portion but also like the level of mid-ocean ridge faulted long cracks, and was connected to the rupture zone. The African continent and the Arabian Peninsula began to separate in two million years ago Miocene, is still at an annual rate of one centimeter continues to expand.

 



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